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Physical & Geographical Aspects


Location, Accessibility Area

The City of Batangas is a coastal city lying in a covelike shape at the southeastern portion of Batangas Province and geographically situated at coordinates 13 degrees, 45 minutes and 25.96 seconds north latitude and 121 degrees, 3 minutes and 29.2 seconds east longitude. It is bounded on the northwest by the municipality of San Pascual; on the north by the municipality of San Jose; on the east by the municipalities of Ibaan, Taysan and Lobo; and on the south by the Batangas Bay.

Batangas City, the capital of Batangas Province has a total land area of approximately 27,633.26 hectares. It is approximately 112.00 kilometers away from Manila and can be traveled by land for 2½ hours and by water for eight (8) hours. The city is almost equidistant from Batanes in the north and Jolo in the south.


Terrain

Batangas City has a rolling terrain that ranges from 0% to 30% in slope. Its highest point is Mount Banoy in Barangay Talumpok Silangan which is 968 meters above sea level and about 13.50 kilometers east of the Poblacion. The city's coastal barangays starting from Sta. Rita Aplaya from the north down to Ambulong on the south are nearly level at 0% to 3%.

In the east beyond the barangays of Mabacong, Simlong and Pinamucan Ibaba, the slope rises from 8% to 30%. The Matuco Point at the southwest tip of the city along the Batangas Bay has a slope of 30%. To the immediate south is Verde Island composed of six (6) barangays which is mountainous and with a slope ranging from 3% to 30%.

Slope and Land Area Percentage Distribution

SLOPE LAND AREA PERCENTAGE SHARE
0% - 3% 6,382.73 23.05%
4% - 8% 10,523.53 38.20%
9% - 15% 3,357.00 12.13%
16% - 30% 6,953.00 25.11%
31% - over 317.00 1.15%
Swamps & Fishpond 100.00 0.36%
TOTAL 27,633.26 100.00%


Climate Condition

Batangas City is generally coolest during the months of December to January. The mean temperature rises and attains a maximum of 29.30 degrees Celsius (29.30ºC) in April. The month of July marks the steady fall of temperature at a minimum of 26 degrees Celsius (26ºC).

The driest months in Batangas City are from January to April, with the average monthly rainfall of less than 50 mm per month. The northeast monsoon prevails starting the months of November up to April. Although originally moist, it becomes comparatively drier after crossing the Sierra Madre Range to the north and east of Batangas, thus accounting for predominantly dry weather during this period. By May to the later part of October, the situation is reversed. The southwest monsoon prevails bringing with it considerable rain. A pronounced maximum rain period occurs in Batangas during the months of July, August and September when southwest monsoon flow is steadiest and the average monthly rainfall is 275 mm per month. By the end of October, the northeast monsoon start to set again. However, the months from October to December are not characterized by dry weather as compared to the months from January to April. This is partly due to the fact that typhoons and depressions most frequently affect the city during the months from October to December.

Soil Types and Location
There are seven types of soil that composed the Land area of Batangas City.

 Type of Soil : Taal Sandy Loam
 Location : Sta. Rita Karsada, Sta. Rita Aplaya, Sta.
  Clara and Cuta
 Agricultural Potentials : corn, citrus, sugar cane, fruit trees

 Type of Soil : Hydrosoil
 Location : Calicanto and Wawa
 Agricultural Potentials : saltbeds and fishponds

 Type of Soil : Calumpang Clay Loam
 Location : Libjo, Poblacion and Pallocan
 Agricultural Potentials : Sugar Cane

 Type of Soil : Ibaan Clay Loam
 Location : Pinamucan, Mahabang Dahilig, Malalim,
  Sirang Lupa, Conde, Talumpok
  Kanluran/Silangan, Sto. Niño, Tulo,
  Paharang
 Agricultural Potentials : sugar cane, upland crops, rice and
  intercrops

 Type of Soil : Ibaan Loam
 Location : Balete, Concepcion, Bucal, Mahabang
  Parang, Sorosoro, Tingga, Banaba,
  Balagtas, Alangilan, Bolbok, Kumintang,
  San Pedro, Dumantay, Dalig, Gulod,
  Sampaga, San Isidro, Ambulong and
  Tabangao Aplaya
 Agricultural Potentials : sugar cane, upland rice, corn,
  vegetables, coffee and bananas

 Type of Soil : Ibaan Loam (Gravely Phase)
 Location : Talumpok Kanluran/Silangan, Conde,
  San Miguel, Sto. Niño, Tabangao Dao,
  Haligue, Talahib Payapa, Talahib
  Pandayan, Mabacong, Ilijan and Dela
  Paz
 Agricultural Potentials : coconut, atis, cacao and coffee

 Type of Soil : Sibul
 Location : Isla Verde
 Agricultural Potentials : rice, peanuts, tomatoes and
  vegetables




Mineral Resources

Several mineral resources can be found in the city and some of the deposits have not yet been extracted. Traces of metallic mineral like gold and non-metallic mineral like gypsum are being detected in the mountainous area of Barangays Sto. Domingo and Cumba respectively.

Saltbeds originally existed abundantly in Barangays Sta. Clara and Malitam but rapid urbanization and the expansion/development of the Batangas Port likewise resulted to the end of this industry.



Forestry

The forest resources of Batangas City are not in commercial quantity except for bamboo which are being exported to several municipalities in Metro Manila and Calamba for use in the construction of fish pens.

Marginal forest lands can be found mostly in the barangays of Talumpok Silangan (where Mt. Banoy is located), Talahib Payapa, Sto. Domingo, Cumba and along the boundary line with the municipality of Lobo.



Land Use

The land use of the city has considerably changed from 1946 to 1981 from a major agricultural use to a rapidly developing major urban center and from 1981 up to the present to a major urban commercial and industrial center.

LAND CLASSIFICATION AREA (HAS) SHARE (%)
 Primary Urban (Res./Comm'l.) 625.72 2.26
 Secondary Urban Core
 (Res./Comm'l./Ind'l.)
1,755.35 6.35
 Gen. Dev't. Area (Res./Comm'l./Light
 Industry)
4,105.72 14.86
 Socialized Housing Area 446.42 1.62
 Industrial Area 2,328.56 8.43
 Port Area 401.46 1.45
 Ecological Development Area 10,958.72 39.66
      Forest Area (389.86) (1.41)
      Agroforestry (5,057.65) (18.30)
      Watershed (4,301.32) (15.57)
      Tourism (1,209.89) (4.38)
 Agricultural Development Area 5,584.37 20.21
 Strategic Agriculture & Fisheries    
    Development Area 1,354.81 4.90
         Strategic Crops & Livestock (1,281.42) (4.64)
         Integrated Development Area    
         Strategic Fisheries Dev't. Area (73.39) (0.26)
 Special Use Area (Sanitary Landfill) 72.13 0.26
TOTAL 27,633.26 100.00

SOURCE: Zoning Division, OCPDC
              Batangas City



Water Resources

Batangas City is traversed by several streams and converging at the Calumpang River which in turn flows into the Batangas Bay.

Calumpang River is a perennial body of water with a catchment area of approximately 472.00 square kilometers. The river forms the southeastern boundary of the Poblacion and it flows into the Batangas Bay at a point approximately two kilometers south of Batangas Port.

There are several springs in Batangas City that have sufficient volume of discharge to suffice the needs of nearby residents for their water supply requirements. These can be found in Barangays Talumpok Kanluran & Silangan, Cumba, Sto. Domingo, Talahib Pandayan, Talahib Payapa, Ilijan, Malibayo, Bilogo, Haligue Kanluran, Haligue Silangan, Sto. Niño and Maruclap.
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